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A History of Modern Computing (History of Computing) download ebook

by Paul E. Ceruzzi

A History of Modern Computing (History of Computing) download ebook
ISBN:
0262032554
ISBN13:
978-0262032551
Author:
Paul E. Ceruzzi
Publisher:
The MIT Press; 1st edition (October 12, 1998)
Language:
Pages:
408 pages
ePUB:
1817 kb
Fb2:
1138 kb
Other formats:
mobi docx doc lrf
Category:
Databases & Big Data
Subcategory:
Rating:
4.7

This book was set in New Baskerville by Techset Composition Lt. Salisbury, UK, and was printed and bound in the United States of America.

William Aspray, John von Neumann and the Origins of Modern Computing Charles J. Bashe, Lyle R. Johnson, John H. Palmer, and Emerson W. Pugh, IBM’s Early Computers Martin Campbell-Kelly, A History of the Software Industry: From Airline Reservations to Sonic the Hedgehog1 Paul E. Ceruzzi, A History of Modern Computing I. Bernard Cohen, Howard Aiken: Portrait of a Computer Pioneer. This book was set in New Baskerville by Techset Composition Lt.

Paul E Ceruzzi explores the mostly unmapped history of computing since 1945. He is the author of Computing: A Concise History, A History of Modern Computing, and Internet Alley: High Technology in Tysons Corner, 1945–2005, all published by the MIT Press, and other books. Readers seeking to undestand a half century of turbulent and complex history will find him an informed and thoughtful guide. A path breaking book. A good addition to any collection of computer history books. A History of Modern Computing is a monumental achievement. Thomas P. Hughes, author of Rescuing Prometheus and American Genesis. Paul E Ceruzzi is America's finest historian of computing, and his masterful retelling of the past fifty years of these machines is an instant classic.

Paul Ceruzzi explores the mostly unmapped history of computing since 1945. Readers seeking to understand a half century of turbulent and complex history will find him an informed and thoughtful guide. - Thomas P. This engaging history covers modern computing from the development of the first electronic digital computer through the advent of the World Wide Web.

A history of modern computing. A history of modern computing. Computers - History, Electronic data processing - History.

A History of Modern Computing book. This engaging history covers modern computing from the development of the first electronic digital computer through the dot-com crash. The author concentrates on five key moments of transition: the transformation of the compu From the first digital computer to the dot-com crash - a story of individuals, institutions, and the forces that led to a series of dramatic transformations.

Summary of A History of Modern Computing. A helpful and/or enlightening book, inspite of its obvious shortcomings. For instance, it may be offer decent advice in some areas but be repetitive or unremarkable in others. A helpful and/or enlightening book that stands out by at least one aspect, . is particularly well structured. A helpful and/or enlightening book that combines two or more noteworthy strengths, . contains uncommonly novel ideas and presents them in an engaging manner.

books on the history of computing and aerospace technology. A History of Modern Computing (1998). Ceruzzi, Paul E (May 2003). A History of Modern Computing (2nd e. He has curated or assisted in the mounting of several exhibitions at NASM, including: Beyond the Limits - Flight Enters the Computer Age, The Global Positioning System - A New Constellation, Space Race, How Things Fly and the James McDonnell Space Hangar of the Museum's Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, at Dulles Airport. Reckoners: The Prehistory of The Digital Computer (1983). Beyond the Limits: Flight Enters the Computer Age (1989).

This engaging history covers modern computing from the development of the first electronic digital computer through .

This engaging history covers modern computing from the development of the first electronic digital computer through the dot-com crash. No contact information provided yet. Bibliometrics: publication history. Citation Count: 19 · Downloads (cumulative): n/a · Downloads (12 Months): n/a · Downloads (6 Weeks): n/a. Tools and Resources.

This engaging history covers modern computing from the development of the first electronic digital computer through the advent of the World Wide Web. The author concentrates on four key moments of transition: the transformation of the computer in the late 1940s from a specialized scientific instrument to a commercial product; the emergence of small systems in the late 1960s; the beginnings of personal computing in the 1970s; and the spread of networking after 1985. Within this chronological narrative, the book traces several overlapping threads: the evolution of the computer's internal design; the effect of economic trends and the Cold War; the long-term role of IBM as a player and as a target for upstart entrepreneurs; the growth of software from a hidden element to a major character in the story of computing; and the recurring issue of the place of information and computing in a democratic society. The focus is on the United States (though Europe and Japan enter the story at crucial points), on computing per se rather than on applications such as artificial intelligence, and on systems that were sold commercially and installed in quantities. The author balances stories of individuals with those of institutions and emphasizes those factors that conspired to bring about the decisive shifts in the story.
Reviews:
  • Hulore
Review of Ceruzzi’s "A history of modern computing" by Paul F. Ross

Paul Ceruzzi, working from his position as Curator of Aerospace Electronics and Computing at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington DC, writes a history of “the computer” as it is known today. He points to five “transitions” …

… late 1940s, transition from specialized scientific instrument to commercialized product
… late 1960s emergence of small systems
… early 1970s arrival of personal computing
… 1985 spread of networking
… 1995 rise of the dot-coms and open-source software

The read is interesting and straightforward. It details “computers” as machinery, mechanical and electronic, covering the last seven decades or so. Ceruzzi understands correctly that the history of a
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Ceruzzi, Paul E. "A history of modern computing" 2003, Second Edition, MIT Press, Cambridge MA, xiii + 445 pages
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technology is not simply a listing of the technological details. It also is a report of the social and economic elements that influenced those details. Ceruzzi quotes Mark Twain (p 207) who said: “Very few things happen at the right time, and the rest do not happen at all. The conscientious historian will correct these defects.” This reader does not find Ceruzzi adding things that “did not happen at all” and applauds Ceruzzi for helping the reader see the connection between things that “did not happen at the right time.”

This reader – :: – having used IBM punched cards and accounting machinery as a graduate student in the early 1950s to generate matrices of sums of squares and cross products on the way to calculating correlation matrices, reducing those sums to the correlation matrix using a Friden desk calculator … having declared in 1955 that he could not work far from a mainframe computer and a major university library … having carried punched cards to the computer room for processing by the IBM 702 at Prudential Insurance Company the following year … having supervised the development of software to generate statistics from responses to questionnaire items at Exxon in 1959 … having assisted a university in considering use of its newly purchased IBM 360 for budgeting and financial management in 1964 … having purchased his first IBM-clone personal computer (made by Olivetti for AT&T) in the 1980s … having programmed using the C language in the 1980s … having participated in computer-linked working teams at Digital Equipment Corporation in the late 1980s … having participated in widely dispersed (geographically speaking) professional teams at Texas Instruments in the 1990s … having joined the internet world from his desk at home in the 1990s … having purchased the computer being used to write this review by asking a computer vendor to assemble components (motherboard, CPU, power supply, disk storage, memory, optical drive, operating system, software features, I/O features, etc.) to my specifications – :: – feels like he’s lived the history Ceruzzi is describing. This reader lived in a Boston, Massachusetts suburb from 1965 to 1998 amidst people and places where important computing events were popping. Even in retirement, he finds himself living in a computing hotbed, his 1955 declaration having indeed been a course-setter for his career. This reader does very little work or participates in very little interaction with others in which his computer is not part of the action.

Since IBM “big iron” dominated computing from the 1950s into the 1980s, I expected Ceruzzi’s history to be “all IBM.” Happily, it is not. He follows other developments in appropriate detail. It is a delightful read.

Ceruzzi’s history has its missing elements. Living, computing, and reading in 2016, Ceruzzi’s history’s “closing date” of 2003 seems to be a long time ago. This reader having viewed the growth of the integrated circuit through reading a biography of Gordon Moore (Thackray et al, 2015) recently, the impact of the circuit printed on silicon seems almost to have been bypassed by Ceruzzi. “Bad guys” have learned to use computers and attack individual and organizational vulnerabilities with the necessary sprouting of countermeasures, and this part of computing history is missing. “Communicating,” “doing work,” and “having fun” are at the core of today’s computer applications and these central uses do not emerge from Ceruzzi’s history of manufacturers and model numbers. The important, almost dominating, role of software houses and their effects upon hardware architecture are not touched. Use of files accessible by internet as the world’s online library is not touched. Communicating is as much a part of using computers today as what happens within arm’s reach at one’s desk or on one’s portable device yet the impact of these demands upon the at-one’s-hand technology and telecommunicating technology and business is not touched. Digital photography came into being in the time period covered by this history and its effects upon “computer use” and communication content has been real. Ceruzzi does not include this facet of the new century’s use of computing technology. We learn almost nothing about Apple, Dell, Compaq, Hewlett Packard, AMD, Lenovo, Samsung, and the like.

Reading Ceruzzi’s history is, indeed, satisfying. But it also leaves one with a hunger requiring much more before even for-the-time-being satisfaction is accomplished. I have several other histories in my “to be read” stack including Campbell-Kelly et al’s Computer: A history of the information machine (2014). See the list of references. Some of the references are in my “already read” stack.

Bellevue, Washington
7 May 2016

Copyright © 2016 by Paul F. Ross All rights reserved.

References

Campbell-Kelly, Martin, Aspray, William, Ensmenger, Nathan, and Yost, Jeffrey R. Computer: A history of the information machine 2014, Westview Press, Boulder CO

Ceruzzi, Paul E. A history of modern computing 2003, Second Edition, MIT Press, Cambridge MA

Colwell, Robert P. The Ptentium chronicles: The people, passion, and politics behind Intel’s landmark chips 2006, Wiley-Interscience, Hoboken NJ

Gates, Bill The road ahead 1996, The Penguin Group, New York NY

Malone, Michael S. The Intel trinity: How Robert Noyce, Gordon Moore, and Andy Grove built the world’s most important company 2014, HarperCollins Publishers, New York NY

Reid, T. R. The chip: How two Americans invented the microchip and launched a revolution Second edition. 2001, Random House Trade Paperbacks, New York NY

Rifkin, Glenn and Harrar, George The ultimate entrepreneur: The story of Ken Olsen and Digital Equipment Corporation 1988, Contemporary Books, Chicago IL

Schein, Edgar H. DEC is dead; Long live DEC: Lessons on innovation, technology, and the business gene – The lasting legacy of Digital Equipment Corporation 2003, Berrett-Koehler Publishers Inc., San Francisco CA

Segaller, Stephen Nerds 2.0.1: A brief history of the internet 1999, TV Books, New York, NY

Thackray, Arnold, Brock, David C., and Jones, Rachel Moore’s Law: The life of Gordon Moore, Sillicon Valley’s quiet revolutionary 2015, Basic Books, New York NY
  • Whitesmasher
I really enjoyed this history of the computer industry - it provides insight into how programmers from previous eras would have perceived their tasks - running around with punch cards between different card readers, batch processing & sequential file access, the advent of time switching, the flicking of switches on the front of an Altair to set the register contents, & why a BIOS & a Disk Operating System were such a breakthrough.

Some glaring omissions include leaving out the computer game industry and evolution of software engineering paradigms - not much on C++, OOP, components, SOA, etc - for this, Wikipedia is still the most useful source of info.

One takeaway from this book is how rapidly a vendor can go from hero to zero - the recent upheaval of the emergence of tablets & smartphones and the decline of the desktop comes to mind.
Your modern programmer is largely shielded from the intricacies of memory management and low level programming. In a way it documents the success of a bygone era: Computation has been commoditized for content consumption - the next generation will not have the concept exposure for DIY garage-style engineering.
All in all, a good read.
  • Llbery
I have not completely read this book, but what I can say so far is that it covers a very unique time in our History, a time that shaped a significant change in humanity. Today we all interact with things in a very different way than 10-20 years ago. We are in a time of advanced electronics, hi end cell phones and gadgets. And the time before these gadgets things where large and not common in the house. This book is this time in History, a rather small window of huge developments. It's a neat kind and part of history.
  • Kazracage
This is a great book! It covers electronic computers from ENIAC through the early PCs. It has tons of information and for me, is fun to read (I like computer history).
  • Burgas
I can't imagine how difficult it is to write a book on the history of computers. It is a history filled with filing cabinets and pocket protectors, pasty old white men and insurmountable bureaucracies, cantankerous spinning memory devices and giant cabinets of wires, and out of all that has come the digitally connected, globalized world in which we all reside. I came to this book looking for the A to B linear path from the invention of the transistor to my cell-phone, and although that isn't really what I found I can't say I was dissapointed. This book covers every step and deviation along the path of digital computing from the late 40's onward, and although it's a tough read at times, the picture it paints of the slow and steady acceleration of excitement and innovation in the design and implementation of computing devices is worth it.
  • Arashitilar
It reads like a novel, even though it's chock full of technical details. I especially like the author's effort to keep the book up to date. Expect a new edition soon featuring multi-core processors, the iPhone and iPod, and the Vista debacle.

Highly recommended.
  • Rayli
Yes.
Paul Ceruzi is a premier historian with the Smithsonian. To understand in some depth how we got here to this computer age this is the indispensable work. Ceruzi writes in a very readable style